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Construction and Manufacturing: How to Cite

Construction and manufacturing are the processes of making, or building things. Construction is generally associated with the building of objects in an outdoor work environment. Manufacturing is the fabrication of materials in an indoor setting.

Why Cite?

While most of your paper should consist of your own thoughts and ideas, it is important to include the research and ideas of others and give them credit for their work.  When you do this, you are citing sources.  Citing sources helps you because it:

  • Demonstrates you have done the necessary research to learn as much as possible about your topic,
  • Provides evidence for your arguments,
  • Makes your work more credible because you have considered a variety of resources,
  • Helps you avoid plagiarism, and
  • Allows you (and your audience) to locate the source when conducting further research.

MLA Style Guide

What to Cite

You should cite any idea that is not your own. Always cite when you:

  • Use a direct quotation,
  • Paraphrase someone else's words or ideas,
  • Summarize someone else's words or ideas, or
  • Include statistics.

Citing - ASCE Guidelines

ASCE Style Guidelines

The American Society of Civil Engineers’ (ASCE) provides a Manuscript Submission and Revision Requirements that serves as a style manual for people writing papers in many of engineering and related disciplines.

How to Cite

Two common citation styles for academic writing are MLA style and APA style.  Using either style, citations are made in two ways:  in-text citations (within the body of the paper) and as a list at the end of the paper.  In MLA style, this list is called the "Works Cited" page; in APA style, it is called "References."  Be sure to check with your instructors regarding which style they want you to use.

APA Style Guide